Goto Section: 7.1 | 7.5 | Table of Contents
Revised as of October 1, 2018
Goto Year:2017 |
§ 7.3 Definitions.
(a) The term accessible shall mean that:
(1) Input, control, and mechanical functions shall be locatable,
identifiable, and operable in accordance with each of the following,
(i) Operable without vision. Provide at least one mode that does not
require user vision.
(ii) Operable with low vision and limited or no hearing. Provide at
least one mode that permits operation by users with visual acuity
between 20/70 and 20/200, without relying on audio output.
(iii) Operable with little or no color perception. Provide at least one
mode that does not require user color perception.
(iv) Operable without hearing. Provide at least one mode that does not
require user auditory perception.
(v) Operable with limited manual dexterity. Provide at least one mode
that does not require user fine motor control or simultaneous actions.
(vi) Operable with limited reach and strength. Provide at least one
mode that is operable with user limited reach and strength.
(vii) Operable with a Prosthetic Device. Controls shall be operable
without requiring body contact or close body proximity.
(viii) Operable without time-dependent controls. Provide at least one
mode that does not require a response time or allows a response to be
by-passed or adjusted by the user over a wide range.
(ix) Operable without speech. Provide at least one mode that does not
require user speech.
(x) Operable with limited cognitive skills. Provide at least one mode
that minimizes the cognitive, memory, language, and learning skills
required of the user.
(2) All information necessary to operate and use the product, including
but not limited to, text, static or dynamic images, icons, labels,
sounds, or incidental operating cues, comply with each of the
following, assessed independently:
(i) Availability of visual information. Provide visual information
through at least one mode in auditory form.
(ii) Availability of visual information for low vision users. Provide
visual information through at least one mode to users with visual
acuity between 20/70 and 20/200 without relying on audio.
(iii) Access to moving text. Provide moving text in at least one static
presentation mode at the option of the user.
(iv) Availability of auditory information. Provide auditory information
through at least one mode in visual form and, where appropriate, in
(v) Availability of auditory information for people who are hard of
hearing. Provide audio or acoustic information, including any auditory
feedback tones that are important for the use of the product, through
at least one mode in enhanced auditory fashion (i.e., increased
amplification, increased signal-to-noise ratio, or combination).
(vi) Prevention of visually-induced seizures. Visual displays and
indicators shall minimize visual flicker that might induce seizures in
people with photosensitive epilepsy.
(vii) Availability of audio cutoff. Where a product delivers audio
output through an external speaker, provide an industry standard
connector for headphones or personal listening devices (e.g.,
phone-like handset or earcup) which cuts off the speaker(s) when used.
(viii) Non-interference with hearing technologies. Reduce interference
to hearing technologies (including hearing aids, cochlear implants, and
assistive listening devices) to the lowest possible level that allows a
user to utilize the product.
(ix) Hearing aid coupling. Where a product delivers output by an audio
transducer which is normally held up to the ear, provide a means for
effective wireless coupling to hearing aids.
(3) Real-Time Text. Voice communication services subject to this part
that are provided over wireless IP facilities and handsets and other
text-capable end user devices used with such service that do not
themselves provide TTY functionality, may provide TTY connectability
and signal compatibility pursuant to paragraphs (b)(3) and (4) of this
section, or support real-time text communications, in accordance with
47 CFR part 67.
(b) The term compatibility shall mean compatible with peripheral
devices and specialized customer premises equipment commonly used by
individuals with disabilities to achieve accessibility to voicemail and
interactive menus, and in compliance with the following provisions, as
(1) External electronic access to all information and control
mechanisms. Information needed for the operation of products (including
output, alerts, icons, on-line help, and documentation) shall be
available in a standard electronic text format on a cross-industry
standard port and all input to and control of a product shall allow for
real time operation by electronic text input into a cross-industry
standard external port and in cross-industry standard format. The
cross-industry standard port shall not require manipulation of a
connector by the user.
(2) Connection point for external audio processing devices. Products
providing auditory output shall provide the auditory signal at a
standard signal level through an industry standard connector.
(3) TTY connectability. Products which provide a function allowing
voice communication and which do not themselves provide a TTY
functionality shall provide a standard non-acoustic connection point
for TTYs. It shall also be possible for the user to easily turn any
microphone on and off to allow the user to intermix speech with TTY
(4) TTY signal compatibility. Products, including those providing voice
communication functionality, shall support use of all
cross-manufacturer non-proprietary standard signals used by TTYs.
(5) TTY Support Exemption. Voice communication services subject to this
part that are offered over wireless IP facilities and equipment used
with such services are not required to provide TTY connectability and
TTY signal compatibility if such services and equipment support
real-time text, in accordance with 47 CFR part 67.
(c) The term customer premises equipment shall mean equipment employed
on the premises of a person (other than a carrier) to originate, route,
or terminate telecommunications.
(d) The term disability shall mean a physical or mental impairment that
substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of an
individual; a record of such an impairment; or being regarded as having
such an impairment.
(e) The term interactive menu shall mean a feature that allows a
service provider or operator of CPE to transmit information to a caller
in visual and/or audible format for the purpose of management, control,
or operations of a telecommunications system or service; and/or to
request information from the caller in visual and/or audible format for
the purpose of management, control, or operations of a
telecommunications system or service; and/or to receive information
from the caller in visual and/or audible format in response to a
request, for the purpose of management, control, or operations of a
telecommunications system or service. This feature, however, does not
include the capability for generating, acquiring, storing,
transforming, processing, retrieving, utilizing, or making available
information via telecommunications for any purpose other than
management, control, or operations of a telecommunications system or
(f) The term manufacturer shall mean an entity that makes or produces a
(g) The term peripheral devices shall mean devices employed in
connection with equipment covered by this part to translate, enhance,
or otherwise transform telecommunications into a form accessible to
individuals with disabilities.
(h) The term readily achievable shall mean, in general, easily
accomplishable and able to be carried out without much difficulty or
expense. In determining whether an action is readily achievable,
factors to be considered include:
(1) The nature and cost of the action needed;
(2) The overall financial resources of the manufacturer or service
provider involved in the action (the covered entity); the number of
persons employed by such manufacturer or service provider; the effect
on expenses and resources, or the impact otherwise of such action upon
the operations of the manufacturer or service provider;
(3) If applicable, the overall financial resources of the parent of the
covered entity; the overall size of the business of the parent of the
covered entity with respect to the number of its employees; the number,
type, and location of its facilities; and
(4) If applicable, the type of operation or operations of the covered
entity, including the composition, structure and functions of the
workforce of such entity; and the geographic separateness,
administrative or fiscal relationship of covered entity in question to
the parent entity.
(i) The term specialized customer premises equipment shall mean
customer premise equipment which is commonly used by individuals with
disabilities to achieve access.
(j) The term telecommunications equipment shall mean equipment, other
than customer premises equipment, used by a carrier to provide
telecommunications services, and includes software integral to such
equipment (including upgrades).
(k) The term telecommunications service shall mean the offering of
telecommunications for a fee directly to the public, or to such classes
of users as to be effectively available directly to the public,
regardless of the facilities used.
(l) The term usable shall mean that individuals with disabilities have
access to the full functionality and documentation for the product,
including instructions, product information (including accessible
feature information), documentation, bills and technical support which
is provided to individuals without disabilities.
(m) The term Voicemail shall mean the capability of answering calls and
recording incoming messages when a line is busy or does not answer
within a pre-specified amount of time or number of rings; receiving
those messages at a later time; and may also include the ability to
determine the sender and time of transmission without hearing the
entire message; the ability to forward the message to another voice
massaging customer, with and/or without an appended new message; the
ability for the sender to confirm receipt of a message; the ability to
send, receive, and/or store facsimile messages; and possibly other
(n) The term real-time text shall have the meaning set forth in § 67.1
of this chapter.
(o) The term text-capable end user device means customer premises
equipment that is able to send, receive, and display text.
[ 64 FR 63255 , Nov. 19, 1999, as amended at 82 FR 7706 , Jan. 23, 2017]
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Subpart C—Obligations—What Must Covered Entities Do?
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Goto Section: 7.1 | 7.5
Goto Year: 2017 |
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